The spine specialists at OrthoTexas, Frisco provide complete healthcare services for a wide range of orthopedic conditions. They have extensive experience in diagnosing and treating various spinal deformities, such as Scoliosis.  

Scoliosis can be defined as a sideward curvature of the spine that may occur due to an injury, genetics or certain medical conditions. The curve can either be to the left or right, causing the spine to take up the shape of letter ‘C’ or ‘S’. The condition occurs during the developmental age of children, usually around puberty. Scoliosis can be mild or severe, which can worsen with age.

Types of Scoliosis

  • Congenital Scoliosis: This is caused due to a hereditary bone defect
  • Neuromuscular Scoliosis: It occurs due to a medical condition affecting the spinal muscles or nerves.
  • Degenerative Scoliosis: This condition may be a result of a traumatic spinal injury, previous surgery or degenerative bone condition.
  • Idiopathic Scoliosis: This type of Scoliosis is the most common and has no known identifiable cause.

Causes Of Scoliosis

  • Neuromuscular conditions, such as Muscular Atrophy or Cerebral Palsy
  • Birth defects affecting the spine
  • Spinal injuries or infections
  • Traumatic bone collapse
  • Osteoporosis
  • Genetic Predisposition

Symptoms Of Scoliosis

  • Uneven shoulders and waist
  • Prominent shoulder blade
  • Uneven leg length
  • Difference in level of hip
  • Twisting of spine
  • Body leaned to either side
  • Prominent ribs while bowing
  • Back pain
  • Breathing difficulty

Diagnosis Of Scoliosis

The orthopedic surgeon may physically examine the spine for visible signs of curvature, uneven shoulders, prominent shoulder blade or a tilted posture. He may inquire about the patient’s medical history and progression of the condition. The patient may be advised to undergo a neurological exam to diagnose muscle weakness, numbness or any abnormal reflexes. Certain imaging tests, such as X-ray, MRI, CT scan or bone scan, may also be recommended to determine the degree of spinal curvature.

Treatment For Scoliosis

  • Braces: The orthopedic doctor may advise wearing a brace to halt the progression of the curve. A brace is usually prescribed if the spinal curvature is in the range of 25 to 40 degrees and is most beneficial when bones are growing. The two types of braces that can be recommended to treat Scoliosis are:
  • Low-profile brace: Also known as thoracolumbosacral orthosis, this is a close fitting brace made of plastic. It fits the body structure and is usually invisible under clothing.
  • Milwaukee brace. This type of brace has flat bars at the front as well as back. A Milwaukee brace is most effective for abnormal curvature in the thoracic spine and works by offering support to the neck as well as arms.
  • Surgery: Patients having a spinal curvature exceeding 50 degree may be recommended to undergo surgical treatment. During the procedure, the spine surgeon may insert metallic implants to correct the curvature. The surgery is followed by rehabilitation for proper and quick recovery.

For comprehensive treatment of Scoliosis, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schedule an appointment with the spine surgeons, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502.