Kyphosis – Frisco, TX
OrthoTexas, Frisco is a leading group of sine surgeons providing effective treatment for a wide range of orthopedic conditions. They have extensive experience in diagnosing and treating deformities of the spine, including Scoliosis and Kyphosis.

Kyphosis

Kyphosis or hunchback is a condition in which the spinal cord attains an abnormally convex shape. The condition can affect a person at any age but is generally common in elderly women. A normal healthy spine has the vertebrae (bones) stacked like cylinders but in case of Kyphosis, the bones develop a wedge shape. It can alter a person’s physical appearance, create additional health problems and also affect the gait. Kyphosis can be classified into two main categories:

  • Postural Kyphosis- Bad posture or slouching for too long may lead to rounding of the spine.
  • Structural Kyphosis- This is a result of an internal deformity within the spinal cord. Some people are born with congenital problems that do not allow the spinal bones to develop properly. In some children, between the age of 12-15 years, the front of the spine and the back grow at different rates leading to Kyphosis (Scheuermann’s Kyphosis).

Causes Of Kyphosis

  • Abnormal development of the spinal cord in the fetus (congenital)
  • Osteoporosis which causes weakening or thinning of the bone
  • Cancer of the spinal cord weakens and deforms the vertebrae. The process of chemotherapy or radiation therapy used for the treatment of cancer may further deteriorate the bone structure
  • Polio, muscular dystrophy or disorder of the connective tissues
  • Degenerative Disc Diseases which involve gradual wearing out of the spinal discs, thus, making the spine unstable
  • Arthritis in the spine
  • Trauma causes due to accident, sports injury or a sudden fall
  • Tearing of posterior ligament which supports the spine
  • Fracture in any part of the vertebra
  • Deficiency of Vitamin D

Symptoms Of Kyphosis

  • The back or spine visibly protrudes outwards
  • Pain or stiffness may be experienced in some cases
  • In case of severe Kyphosis, the patient may experience breathing problems
  • Fatigue
  • The hamstring muscles at the back of the thighs may tighten
  • The head protrudes forward and there may be visible difference in the height of both shoulders

Diagnosis Of Kyphosis

  • Physical examination by the doctor and assessment of the patient’s health record
  • Adam’s Forward Bend Test
  • Evaluating the functioning of the brain, spinal cord and nerves
  • X-ray imaging may help to reveal the curvature of the spine along with deformities in shape or placement of the vertebrae
  • MRI scan may be recommended for a detailed analysis of the nerves and ligaments

Treatment For Kyphosis

  • Use of medications to combat pain
  • Exercises to strengthen the spinal muscles
  • Physical therapy may be prescribed
  • Surgical intervention may be required in case of congenital defects or severe cases of Kyphosis
  • Children may be recommended to wear a brace to support the spine. They are required to wear it till the spine has completely developed (15-16 years of age)
  • Spinal Fusion, a surgical method which involves joining the vertebrae responsible for the curve and straightening the spine using metal screws, wires or rods.

For comprehensive treatment of Kyphosis, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schedule an appointment with the spine specialists, call at (214) 618 – 5502.