The spine surgeons at OrthoTexas, Frisco provide complete diagnosis and treatment for a wide range of orthopedic problems. They specialize in treating patients with various deformity conditions of the spine, including Kyphosis, Scoliosis, Lordosis etc.
Abnormal Spinal Curvatures
A normal spine consists of various convex and concave curvatures. However, when these curves become exaggerated or abnormal, it is considered to be a deformity. The spinal column is made up of 24 vertebrae stacked on top of each other. The cervical spine consists of 7 bones (C1 to C7). The thoracic and lumbar spine comprise 12 (T1 to T12) and 5 (L1 to L5). Abnormalities in the spine curvatures may lead to pain, discomfort and other medical problems, such as displacement of the vertebrae.
Types Of Abnormal Spine Curvatures
Scoliosis can be defined as an orthopedic condition in which the spine curves or twists towards the side. Thus, a scoliotic spine may resemble the alphabet ‘C’ or ‘S’. The condition most commonly affects the thoracic spine and is observed in children as well as adolescents during their growth years. It can be caused due to genetic factors, congenital bone deformity, trauma or fracture, Osteoporosis and neuromuscular conditions such as Spina Bifida.
Kyphosis, also known as roundback, humpback or hunchback, is characterized by an outward curving of the thoracic spine. It is mostly commonly observed in elderly population, although poor postural habits have also made adolescents prone to this deformity. Some of the causes of Kyphosis include abnormal development of the spine, injury, birth defects or conditions like Scheuermann’s Disease, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Degenerative Disc Disease, Muscular Dystrophy etc.
Lordosis refers to an excessively inward curve in the cervical or lumbar spine. The condition is also known as swayback and can put pressure on the spine, leading to severe pain as well as discomfort. It is mainly seen in dancers and people who do not lift weights properly or have uneven abdominal/hip muscles. Common causes of Lordosis include trauma to the spine, poor posture, loss of bone density, Achondroplasia, Obesity, Kyphosis etc.
Treatment Options For Abnormal Spine Curvatures
Treatment depends upon the severity and type of spine curvature deformity. The spine specialist may prescribe any of the following treatment options:
Anti-inflammatory medications to relieve pain
Bracing to prevent the curve from worsening
Physical therapy to reduce discomfort and strengthen the spine muscles
Surgery to fuse the abnormally positioned vertebrae and hold the spine straight with the help of metal screws or rods.
For treatment of abnormal spinal curvatures and other medical conditions, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schedule an appointment with the spine specialists, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502.